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The Best Foods to Fight Inflammation

Inflammation is a natural and essential process in the body, helping to protect and heal us from injury and infection. An anti-inflammatory diet focuses on consuming foods that help reduce inflammation in the body while avoiding those that can exacerbate it. These foods are typically rich in antioxidants, vitamins and minerals which help fight oxidative stress and support the immune system.


Fatty fish, such as salmon, mackerel, sardines and trout are excellent sources of omega-3 fatty acids, which are known for their potent anti-inflammatory properties. Fatty fish reduces inflammation because Omega-3 fatty acids help reduce the production of pro-inflammatory molecules, leading to lower inflammation levels in the body. Regular consumption of fatty fish has been linked to improved cardiovascular health, including reduced blood pressure and lower levels of bad cholesterol. Omega-3s can alleviate symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis by reducing joint pain and stiffness.


Blueberries, strawberries, raspberries and blackberries are packed with antioxidants, vitamins, and fiber. They are rich in antioxidants that neutralize free radicals, reducing oxidative stress and inflammation. Regular consumption of berries has been linked to improved cognitive function and a lower risk of age-related cognitive decline. The anti-inflammatory properties of berries contribute to lower blood pressure and reduced risk of heart disease.


Leafy greens such as spinach, kale, Swiss chard and collard greens are nutrient-dense foods that provide a wealth of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. They are packed with vitamins A, C and K, as well as iron and calcium, all of which support overall health and reduce inflammation. The high vitamin K content in leafy greens is essential for bone health and can help prevent osteoporosis. Leafy greens aid in detoxifying the body by supporting liver function and promoting the elimination of toxins.


Nuts and seeds, including almonds, walnuts, chia seeds and flaxseeds, are excellent sources of healthy fats, protein, and fiber. The regular consumption of nuts and seeds is associated with lower cholesterol levels and reduced risk of heart disease. The high fiber and protein content in nuts and seeds can help with weight management by promoting feelings of fullness. Omega-3 fatty acids in walnuts and flaxseeds support brain health and cognitive function.


Olive oil, particularly extra virgin olive oil, is a staple of the Mediterranean diet and is known for its anti-inflammatory and heart-protective properties. Olive oil contains compounds that have been shown to reduce inflammation and lower the risk of chronic diseases. The monounsaturated fats in olive oil help reduce bad cholesterol levels and improve heart health. Olive oil is rich in antioxidants that protect cells from oxidative damage and inflammation.


Tea has been cherished for centuries, not only for its comforting taste, but also for its numerous health benefits. From green tea to turmeric-infused blends, the world of tea is rich with varieties known for their anti-inflammatory properties. These teas work by reducing the levels of pro-inflammatory compounds in the body while promoting the activity of anti-inflammatory agents, ultimately restoring balance and harmony within.

Green Tea: Renowned for its high concentration of antioxidants called catechins, green tea is a potent ally in the fight against inflammation. Studies have shown that regular consumption of green tea can reduce markers of inflammation in the body, making it a staple in any anti-inflammatory diet.

Turmeric Tea: The golden spice turmeric contains curcumin, a compound with powerful anti-inflammatory properties. When brewed into tea, turmeric offers a warm and comforting beverage that can help alleviate inflammation and support overall wellness. Adding a dash of black pepper to turmeric tea can enhance the absorption of curcumin, maximizing its benefits.

Ginger Tea: With its zesty flavor and warming effect, ginger tea is not only soothing to the senses, but also beneficial for reducing inflammation. Whether enjoyed hot or cold, ginger tea can be a refreshing way to calm inflammation and promote digestive health.

Chamomile Tea: Renowned for its calming effects, chamomile tea is also a gentle anti-inflammatory agent. It contains flavonoids that inhibit the production of inflammatory cytokines, helping to soothe inflammation throughout the body. Sipping on a cup of chamomile tea can be especially beneficial for those dealing with digestive inflammation or muscle soreness.

Rooibos Tea: Hailing from South Africa, rooibos tea is celebrated for its rich flavor and an impressive array of health benefits. This caffeine-free herbal tea is packed with antioxidants, including quercetin and aspalathin, which possess anti-inflammatory properties. Incorporating rooibos tea into a daily routine can help reduce inflammation and promote overall well-being.

Roman E. Finn, M.D., is the owner of Center For Integrative & Traditional Medicine, located at 2 Madison Ave., in Paramus. For appointments and more information, call 201-291-0401 or visit

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